"Without the live witness, one can only speculate about the crime. The crime has not been filmed with a camera: it is only recorded in the memory of the witness. In order to expose the crime, you violate the witness. You don't force her, of course -- you beg her to speak, but you do make her live through it again."


Calling the Ghosts: a Story About Rape, War and Women


Directors: Mandy Jacobson and Karmen Jelincic
Executive Producer: Julia Ormond


63 minutes


Women Make Movies (


Calling the Ghosts examines the devastating impact of the war in Bosnia on women through the stories of Jadranka Cigelj and Nasreta Sival. Both professional Muslim women living in the Bosnian town of Priejdor when Serbs seized power in 1992, they were taken to the Omarska Detention Camp. They describe the systematic rape that was used as a means of humiliation and annihilation. While the physical violations take place mostly at night, "mental rape" occured 24 hours a day.



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